handbook of contrast echocardiography: LV function and myocardial perfusion
H. Becher, P. Burns, Springer, Berlin
1. Auflg. 2000

contrast echocardiography in clinical practice
Jose L. Zamorano, Miguel A. Garcia Fernandez, S. Kaul, Springer Milan
1. Auflg. 2003

Myocardial contrast echocardiography in the emergency department
J. Todd Belcik, Jonathan R. Lindner
chapter 28 in:
Echocardiography in acute coronary syndrome:
Eyal Herzog, Farooq Choudhry, Springer London
2nd printing 2009

Feigenbaum`s echocardiography
Harvey Feigenbaum, William F. Armstrong, Thomas Ryan, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 7th edition 2009
chapter 4, Seite 67 – 90

H. von Bibra, Kapitel 5, Seite 105 – 122 in:
Praxis der Echokardiographie: Das Referenzwerk zur echokardiographischen Diagnostik
Frank A. Flachskamp, Thieme Stuttgard, 3. Auflg., 2010,

The EAE textbook of Echocardiography
Leda Galiuto, Luigi Badano, Kevin Fox, Rosa Sicari, Jose Luis Zamorano
Oxford University Press, 1. Auflg. 2011, Kapitel 7, S. 99 – 117


Myocardial perfusion imaging with contrast ultrasound
– state of the art –
Thomas R.Porter, Feng Xie
J Am Coll Cardiol Imag 2010, Vol3, No2, 176-187

Long – term prognostic value of dipyridamole stress myocardial contrast echocardiography
Paulina Wejner-Mik et al.,
European Journal of Echocardiography (2011) 12, 762 – 766



Oussama M. Wazni et al., Cardiovascular Imaging in the Management of Atrial Fibrillation,  J Am Coll Cardiol 2006;48:2077– 84. (state of the art paper)

Antithrombotic therapy in atrial fibrillation, American College of Chest Physicians Evidence Based Practice Guidelines, Chest 2008, 133, 5465-5925)

ACUTE, Assessment of Cardioversion using transoesophageal echocardiography; N Engl J Med,2001;344:1411-20.


Leitlinie und Empfehlungen

1  ASE consensus statement on the clinical applications of ultrasonic contrast agents in echocardiography
JASE 2008, 1179-1201  (siehe auch

2  contrast echocardiography: evidence-based recommendations by European Associaton of Echocardiography
Eur J of Echocardiography 2009,10,194-212

3  Manual zur Indikation und Durchführung einer Echokardiographie
Clin Res Cardiol 2009; Suppl.4: 3 – 51

4 ACCF/ASE/AHA/ASNC/HFSA/HRS/SCAI/SCCM/SCCT/SCMR appropriate use criteria for echocardiography
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2011;24:229 – 67






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